Your rights

There are rights and responsibilities you are expected to know about, follow and use. You should pay particular attention to rules concerning cheating and plagiarism! Discuss them with your teacher or contact us if you have questions or if you need advise and support.

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Recommendations

It is your responsibility to be familiar with your rights and responsibilities. Do not put yourself in a situation where cheating or plagiarism can be a tempting solution, or where it could happen by accident!

  • Make sure you understand and follow all instructions related to each particular assignment or exam. Ask for clarification if necessary!
  • Avoid time pressure by starting early and submitting early.
  • Write your own answers with your own words.
  • Make references to all sources you’ve used or been “inspired” by. Don't get too inspired!
  • Focus on citations and references when you proofread. Ask for help with proofreading from people not taking the same course.
  • Be very cautious when looking at other student’s work or showing your work to others, especially before deadline. Don’t get too influenced by their solutions!
  • Be aware of what things you bring to the exam. Report mistakes yourself rather than getting "caught".
  • In groupwork: Work with reliable peers.
  • In groupwork: Discuss expectations and handle problems early!
  • In groupwork: Keep records of progress and who has done what.
  • Inform your teacher and ask for help if your run into problems.
  • In groupwork: Be aware that there might be cultural differences in what constitutes studying, taking responsibility, cheating or plagiarism. Discuss them!
  • Consider better options like asking for more time, not submitting at all, hoping to get supplementary work, taking the re-exam instead or simply re-taking the course.

At each department (institution in Swedish) the Head of department is responsible for the work environment for students as well as for staff. If you have concerns about your physical or psychosocial study environment you should contact the Head of department, the safety representative, the student safety representative or the Student Union.

All forms of harassment and discrimination should be reported to the university. Please see the university´s page for details or contact our Student and PhD ombudsmen for how to proceed.

If you have failed twice on the same assignment and it has been graded by the same examiner, you have the right to request another examiner if you don’t agree with the grading. The request should be written and sent to the Head of department at your department. If your request is granted your work will be graded by another examiner the next time you take that exam. Please note that it will prevent anonymous grading.

After each course you should get a chance to do an anonymous course evaluation. Please use that opportunity to comment on what has and hasn’t worked well since it is a valuable tool for future course improvement.

Course evaluations should be summarized and commented on by the course coordinator. You should also get feedback on the evaluation afterwards and be informed about any changes made to future courses as result of the course evaluation.

If you want to find our what has been said about a particular course you can request a copy of earlier course evaluations by mailing arkiv@lnu.se or the education administrator.

You can influence your education, your study environment and how the university works in several ways:

  • Participate in course and programme evaluations when possible! Ask for feedback on them afterwards, ask your teacher to present the results from and changes made as a result of previous evaluations when you start a new course, or request a copy of it from arkiv@lnu.se.
  • Support our work with monitoring educational quality by becoming a member of the Student Union Linnékåren.
  • Join your programme board* as a class representative or suggest the creation of a programme board if there isn’t one already.
  • Become a student representative* in one of the university boards or committees.
  • Become the student safety representative* at your department or faculty. (Please note: This requires fluency in Swedish!)
  • Get involved in a student association or in one of the student nations.
  • Join the Student Union’s Buddy program.
  • Get elected as a part-time or full-time member of the Student Union board (Please note: This requires fluency in Swedish!)
  • Keep yourself updated and contribute as an alumni or mentor for others students.

 

* Please mail us at representant@linnek.se for more information about how to get involved. Many positions are financially compensated and do not require any special skills.

Exams and grades

  • You must usually sign up for written exams separately, and they are not always visible on the course schedule. Please ask you teacher if you’re not sure about what applies to signing up for exams in your course.
  • All forms of exams and work you have submitted for marking should be graded and communicated back to you within 15 working days.
  • You have the right to take written exams anonymously. However, seminars, verbal presentations, lab assignments etc. are usually not anonymous.
  • There must be at least one re-exam in close proximity to the first one; usually within 4-8 weeks when it comes to written exams. You should get information about the time and place for the re-exam no later than the first exam. The re-exam should be similar to the first exam in terms of scope and difficulty, although the types of questions and the point limits might differ.
  • You must have at least 10 working days to study for the re-exam after getting the results from the first exam.
  • Sometimes there are additional chances to take exams or submit assignments (for example next semester or during summer), but it’s nothing you should assume or can demand as it varies from course to course, year to year and teacher to teacher. Ask you teacher what applies to each specific course you’re taking.
  • All forms of examinations should be designed so that an individual grade can be set. It should be possible to determine who has done what in, for example, groupwork or projects.
  • The person formally assigned to set your grade is called the examiner, and you should get information about who that is at the start of your course. The examiner usually reads and marks the assignments him/herself, but is sometimes forced to rely on other teachers’ assessment before doing so.
  • You have the right to get some sort of feedback on your submissions, not only a grade.
  • Questions related to the course, sent to your teacher by for example e-mail, should be replied to within 2-3 days.
  • A passing grade or positive decision cannot be lowered or changed to your disadvantage after it has been communicated. A set grade cannot be appealed to another teacher or a higher authority. However, you can request the examiner to reassess the grade if you have good reasons for doing so; for example if there has been a mistake in summing up points or you believe the examiner hasn’t taken all your work into consideration when setting the grade.
  • The examiner can occasionally offer you the chance to do supplemental work if your assignment is very close to getting a pass. Whether you get a chance to supplement you work or not is the teacher’s decision and not something you can assume or demand. If offered, it must be clear what needs to be done and by when. If your supplemental work is not submitted, not submitted on time, or does not fulfill the requirement, the whole assignment will get a fail. Work that has already been supplemented cannot be supplemented again.
  • A programme consists of several courses intended to be taken in a certain order. Sometimes there are prerequisite courses or a certain number of credits you need to have taken to be allowed to start the next course. Read the programme syllabus and the course syllabus for each mentioned course to find out what applies, and expect those prerequisites to also apply to you!
  • The course syllabus (kursplan in Swedish) is a legally binding document that describes the course goals, contents, and forms of examination. It has to be adhered to by teachers and students, so it’s a good idea to read it in advance.
  • There is a list of the course literature at the end of the course syllabus. You should assume that the list is current, but it seldom hurts to verify it with the course coordinator, especially if you plan on getting the books far in advance.
  • Your course schedule should be available at least one month before the course starts, so that you have time to get necessary literature and plan your studies. Exams and re-exams are not always in the schedule at the start of the course. Ask your teachers for details.

Cheating and plagiarism

It is your responsibility to know, understand and follow the rules regarding cheating and plagiarism. Teachers are surprisingly good at spotting it and are required to report all suspected cases of cheating and plagiarism, which can lead to a student being suspended for up to six months. The Student and PhD ombudsmen can give advice and support. 

Cheating, i.e. attempting to mislead or to plagiarize includes...

  • Using text or other media from books, web pages, articles, another students’ work etc. without proper references or citations.
  • Improper use of citations.
  • Relying too heavily on other peoples’ work, even if you do make proper references and citations.
  • Submitting someone else's work as your own.
  • Bringing/using unallowed books, papers, notes, calculators or other aids to an exam.
  • Having unallowed notes in books you are allowed to bring to an exam.
  • Wearing or using a smartwatch or phone during an exam (regardless if it’s powered off or not).
  • Cooperating on assignments with other students in ways that are not described/allowed in the assignment instructions.
  • Sharing your individual assignment with others before deadline.
  • Submitting assignments that are bought or given to you as if they were your own.
  • Having your name on an assignment you did not make substantial contributions towards, writing somebody else’s name on an assignment they did not contribute towards or submitting work in another student’s name instead of your own.
  • Changing answers in an exam after they have been marked/graded in order to get a better score/grade.
  • Fabricating data, statistics, interviews or other materials.
  • Intentionally misinterpreting other people’s texts, statistics quotes etc. to make a point.
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A student who intentionally tries to mislead the examinor in an exam by for example using unallowed aids, notes in books, submitting work that has been bought or that the student hasn't contributed to, is guilty of cheating by attempting to mislead.

Plagiarism is basically the act of stealing all, or parts of someone else’s work (usually text, audio or pictures) and presenting them as one’s own without making proper citations or references to the original source. Using too much of other peoples’ work could also be regarded as plagiarism, even if it has been properly referenced. It’s sometimes hard to tell exactly what is and isn’t plagiarism, but the results from plagiarism detection systems such as Urkund are often important tools to determine how closely two texts resemble each other.

A student who prevents or disrupts ordinary activities (i.e. lectures, seminars, lab work, exams, work placements, etc.) risk being reported for disorderly conduct. This also applies in the university library’s facilities.

A student who harasses another student or staff member may have to face the Disciplinary Board on charges of harassment.

Even a student can report another student for cheating/harassment..

Attempting to cheat during examination can lead to disciplinary measures being taken. An invigilator, teacher, examiner or similar is always required to file a report if they suspect that something is awry. If an invigilator suspects that you have tried to cheat at a written exam you will be informed about why it is suspected and that it will be reported. You are still allowed to finish the exam. The invigilator will then notify the course co-ordinator and file a report.

If you are suspected of cheating at an exam or other assignment and staff finds enough reasons to report you, the matter will be forwarded to the university´s Disciplinary Board. It will be handled as quickly as possible so that you don’t have to worry about it longer than necessary. All matters are handled under rule of law as to protect your personal integrity. You will be informed that there is cause for suspicion and get a copy of the report that has been filed against you, as well as information about what will happen next. You will also get an opportunity to submit a written statement to give your perspectives on the matter. Your case will never be discussed with people not involved in it.

Once a report has been filed to the Disciplinary Board, the vice-chancellor and the legally qualified member of the board will decide to either:

  • Leave the matter dismissed without further actions
  • Issue a warning to the student
  • Forward the matter to the Disciplinary Board for decision

The Disciplinary Board consists of the vice-chancellor, a legally qualified member, a teacher’s representative and two student representatives. You and the staff member who reported you will be invited to attend the board meeting, and even though it is highly recommended to attend, attendance is not mandatory. The board will handle the matter regardless of whether you are there or not.

Both the reporting staff member and the student will be able to explain themselves at the meeting, and the board will likely ask a few follow-up questions. When both parties have been heard they will be asked to leave the room while the board discuss the issue and reach a decision.

The student is informed of the decision immediately after it is reached, and will carry one of three consequences:

  • To leave the matter without further consequence
  • Du får en varning.
  • Du blir avstängd från studierna. Tidsperioden beror på hur allvarligt ditt ärende är; från några veckor till maximalt sex månader.
  • You will not be allowed to attend any lectures, labs, seminars or other forms of scheduled sessions during the suspension.
  • Din kontakt med undervisande personal begränsas
  • You will not be allowed to take or re-take any exams during the suspension.
  • You will not be allowed to register for or start new courses during the suspension.
  • You will not receive any money from CSN during the suspension.
  • Ditt studentkonto stängs av, vilket innebär att du inte kan använda de tjänster som kräver studentinlogg (e-post, MyMoodle, publika datorer, nätverket, databaser etc.)
  • Du har inte tillgång till Studieverkstaden
  • You might not be able to start or continue your placement, internship or exchange semester during the suspension.
  • You might not have the necessary credits or prerequisite courses to take your next course.
  • The suspension might prevent you from continuing your studies the following semester.
  • Du riskerar att förlora din studentbostad om du inte klarar av att ta tillräckligt många poäng.
  • You might lose scholarships or grants.
  • You might be forced to take a year off or get your degree later than planned.

For additional information please see The Swedish Higher Education Act, The Administrative Procedure Act och The Higher Education Ordinance. How these should be interpreted and applied is described in “Fair examination“ (a summary).